Former Argentine President Kirchner Seeks Return to Power, as Vice President

Former Argentine President Kirchner Seeks Return to Power, as Vice President

Days before she is set to go on trial on corruption charges, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announced on Saturday that she intends to return to the presidential palace this year, this time as vice president running alongside Alberto Fernández, a former ally with whom she has had an uneasy relationship.

The announcement by Mrs. Kirchner, who governed Argentina from 2007 to 2015 and is currently a senator, stunned Argentine political observers who had widely expected the leftist leader to mount a bid for a third presidential term.

Mr. Fernández served as cabinet chief to Mrs. Kirchner’s husband, Néstor, who took office after a record-breaking default in 2001 left the economy in collapse and who governed during a period of relative prosperity fueled by a commodities boom.

He remained in the role when Mrs. Kirchner succeeded her husband, but stepped down a few months later after a battle between the government and farmers over export taxes.

When the country plunged into recession last year, Mr. Macri turned to the International Monetary Fund to obtain a $57 billion rescue, a politically risky move considering that many Argentines blame the I.M.F. for the economic collapse of 2001.

Mrs. Kirchner criticized that decision in a video announcing her candidacy, calling the new debt “terrifying and unnecessary.”

Mrs. Kirchner was expected to mount a direct challenge to Mr. Macri, who hopes to be re-elected. A week ago, she released a memoir titled “Sincerely” during a packed event that looked more like a political rally than a book launch.

While opinion polls show that roughly a third of the electorate support Mrs. Kirchner, she brings considerable baggage to the race. She has been indicted in 11 cases, which she has dismissed as a political witch hunt. She is scheduled to go on trial on Tuesday in a case involving corruption in public works contracts.

Responding to her announcement, Mr. Macri said at an event in Buenos Aires that returning to the past “would only destroy us” and he argued that it is necessary to continue “yanking the rotten roots.”

Some political analysts, while shocked by Mrs. Kirchner’s decision, said it made sense to run a less polarizing figure at the top of a ticket that could still benefit from Mrs. Kirchner’s considerable popularity.

Mr. Fernández — who is not related to the former president — is regarded as a more moderate and conciliatory figure than Mrs. Kirchner within the Peronist political movement.

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